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Template:About Template:Infobox River

Image:Fluss Main in Deutschland.PNG
Map showing the position of the Main in Germany

The Main (Template:IPA-de) is a river in Germany, 524 km (329 miles) long (including the White Main, 574 km (357 mi)), and it is one of the more significant tributaries of the Rhine. The Main flows through the German states of Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg (forming the border with Bavaria for some distance) and Hesse. Its watershed competes with the Danube for water; as a result, many of its boundaries are identical with those of the European Watershed. The Main begins near Kulmbach at the joining of its two headstreams, the Red Main (Roter Main) and the White Main (Weißer Main). The Red Main rises in the Frankish Alb, 50 km (30 mi) in length, and runs through Creussen and Bayreuth. The White Main rises in the mountains of the Fichtelgebirge; it is 41 km (25 mi) long. Major tributaries of the Main are the Regnitz, the Fränkische Saale, the Tauber, and the Nidda.

The name derives from the Latin Moenus or Menus, and is not related to the name of the city Mainz (Latin Moguntiacum).

Navigation

The Main is navigable for shipping from its mouth at the Rhine close to Mainz for 396 km to Bamberg. Since 1992, the Main has been connected to the Danube via the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and the highly regulated Altmühl river. The river has been canalized with 34 large locks (Template:Convert) to allow CEMT class V (Template:Convert) vessels to navigate the total length of the river. The 16 locks in the adjacent Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and the Danube itself are of the same dimensions.

Ports and municipalities

Around Frankfurt are several large inland ports. Because the river is rather narrow on many of the upper reaches, navigation with larger vessels and push convoys requires great skill.

The largest cities along the Main are Frankfurt am Main and Würzburg. The Main also passes the following towns and cities: Burgkunstadt, Lichtenfels, Bad Staffelstein, Eltmann, Haßfurt, Schweinfurt, Volkach, Kitzingen, Marktbreit, Ochsenfurt, Karlstadt, Gemünden, Lohr, Marktheidenfeld, Wertheim, Miltenberg, Obernburg, Aschaffenburg, Seligenstadt, Hainburg, Hanau, Offenbach, Hattersheim, Flörsheim, and Rüsselsheim.

The river has gained enormous importance as a vital part of European "Corridor VII", the inland waterway link from the North Sea to the Black Sea.Template:Cite web

References

Template:Reflist Template:Commonscat

Template:Rhine TributariesTemplate:Link FA

ar:ماين (نهر) bar:Main br:Main bg:Майн ca:Main cv:Майн (юханшыв) cs:Mohan cy:Afon Main da:Main de:Main et:Main el:Μάιν es:Río Meno eo:Majno (rivero) fr:Main (rivière) gl:Río Main ko:마인 강 hy:Մայն hr:Majna id:Sungai Main it:Meno (fiume) he:מיין (נהר) la:Moenus lv:Maina lb:Main lt:Mainas lmo:Mèn hu:Majna mr:माइन नदी nl:Main ja:マイン川 no:Main nn:Main nds:Main pl:Men pt:Rio Meno ksh:Main (Floß) ro:Main ru:Майн (приток Рейна) sq:Main simple:Main sk:Mohan sr:Мајна fi:Main sv:Main tr:Main (nehir) uk:Майн zh:美因河

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